Hypertension (HTN or HT) is commonly
known as high blood pressure (HBP) characterized by a long-term medical
condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Persistent high blood pressure is a silent killer and usually does not cause
symptoms but a long term major risk factors such as coronary artery disease,
stroke, heart failure, atrial fibrillation, peripheral vascular disease, vision
loss, chronic kidney disease, and dementia.
Anti-hypertensives are a class of drugs
that are used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure). Among the most
important and most widely used drugs are thiazide diuretics, calcium channel
blockers, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARBs), and beta